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Da Vinci Mona Lisa
The Mona Lisa (/ˌmoʊnə ˈliːsə/; Italian: Monna Lisa [ˈmɔnna ˈliːza] or La Gioconda [la dʒoˈkonda]) is a half-length painting portrait of Lisa Gherardini by the Italian Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci, which has been described as "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world".
The painting is a portrait of Lisa Gherardini, the wife of Francesco del Giocondo, and is in oil on a white Lombardy poplar panel, and is believed to have been painted between 1503 and 1506. Leonardo may have continued working on it as late as 1517. It was acquired by King Francis I of France and is now the property of the French Republic, on permanent display at the Louvre Museum in Paris since 1797.
The subject's expression, which is frequently described as enigmatic, the monumentality of the composition, the subtle modelling of forms, and the atmospheric illusionism were novel qualities that have contributed to the continuing fascination and study of the work.
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peinture La Joconde
La Joconde ([la ʒɔkɔ̃d]), ou Portrait de Mona Lisa, est un tableau de l'artiste italien Léonard de Vinci, réalisé entre 1503 et 1506, qui représente un portrait mi-corps, probablement celui de la florentine Lisa Gherardini, épouse de Francesco del Giocondo. Acquise par François Ier, cette peinture à l'huile sur panneau de bois de peuplier de 77 × 53 cm est exposée au musée du Louvre à Paris. La Joconde est l'un des rares tableaux attribués de façon certaine à Léonard de Vinci.
La Joconde est devenue un tableau éminemment célèbre car, depuis sa réalisation, nombre d'artistes l'ont prise comme référence. À l'époque romantique, les artistes ont été fascinés par ce tableau et ont contribué à développer le mythe qui l'entoure, en faisant de ce tableau l’une des œuvres d'art les plus célèbres du monde, si ce n'est la plus célèbre : elle est en tout cas considérée comme l'une des représentations d'un visage féminin les plus célèbres au monde. Au xxie siècle, elle est devenue l'objet d'art le plus visité au monde, juste devant le diamant Hope, avec 20 000 visiteurs qui viennent l'admirer et la photographier quotidiennement.
Mona Lisa Ölgemälde
Mona Lisa ist ein weltberühmtes Ölgemälde von Leonardo da Vinci aus der Hochphase der italienischen Renaissance Anfang des 16. Jahrhunderts. Das auf Italienisch als La Gioconda (dt. die Heitere) bekannte Bild wurde vermutlich nach der Florentinerin Lisa del Giocondo benannt. Der unter anderem in Deutschland gebräuchliche Titel Mona Lisa beruht auf einem Rechtschreibfehler, denn Mona leitet sich von der italienischen Kurzform Monna (für Madonna ‚Frau‘) ab, und ist demnach also kein Vorname, sondern der Titel, mit dem Lisa als Ehefrau (اللوحات الفنية ) von Francesco del Giocondo angeredet wurde.
Das Originalgemälde – französisch als La Joconde bezeichnet – ist seit dem Ende des 18. Jahrhunderts im zentralen Pariser Kunstmuseum Louvre ausgestellt und gilt als eines seiner bekanntesten Exponate. Es ist auf der Fläche von 77 cm × 53 cm (ca. 0,4 m²) auf dünnes Pappelholz gemalt, und entstand wahrscheinlich in den Jahren 1503 bis 1506. Andere Forschungen kommen zu einem Entstehungszeitraum zwischen 1502 und 1503.
达芬奇 蒙娜丽莎
《蒙娜丽莎》是文艺复兴时期画家列奥纳多·达·芬奇所绘的肖像画,可以说是世界上最著名的油画,很少有其他作品能像它一样常常被人研究或是再创作。《蒙娜丽莎》被法国政府保存在巴黎的卢浮宫供公众欣赏。作品画在白杨木上,尺寸77厘米 X 53厘米,描绘了一位表情内敛的、微带笑容的女士,她的笑容有时被称作是“神秘的笑容”。
蒙娜在意大利语为Madonna,“我的女士”,相当于英语中的“Madam”,所以,蒙娜丽莎的意思是“丽莎夫人”。这幅画的另一个名称是意大利语“La Gioconda”,解释为“轻松的,无忧无虑的”,因此也可以指“无忧无虑的妇人”。由于她的微笑,此名称便有了两层含义。法语名称“La Joconde”同样可以这样解释。
达芬奇在1502年开始创作《蒙娜丽莎》,并根据瓦萨里的记载,这幅画耗时4年完成。蒙娜丽莎的画中人是谁今天无法确切考证,艺术史学家曾讨论过多种可能性。蒙娜丽莎是意大利最早的一幅半身画像,也是第一幅将人画在一个想象的背景前的肖像画。蒙娜丽莎被多次修复,X光探测证明在现存的蒙娜丽莎后面还有三个过去的版本。
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Who Painted The Mona Lisa

The original creator of Monalisa painting was Leonardo da Vinci. He was an Italian Renaissance artist that excelled in many areas of art, and is considered a universal genius on all accounts. Besides being a world famous painter, da Vinci was also an inventor, writer, geologist, historian and more. He excelled in multiple areas, and it is that worldwide knowledge that led to the original idea behind the Mona Lisa. Da Vinci painted it between 1503 and 1506. The Mona Lisa is so famous as The Last Supper and The Scream that it is now officially owned by the French Republic, where citizens can see it at the Louvre Museum. It’s been this way since 1797, and was once owned by King Francis I of France.
Through the years it has been coined as priceless, and was even redone by Columbian artist Fernando Botero in 1977. His version was a lot different, as the artist primary focused on using fat figures in his painting as marc chagall and andy warhol. Mona Lisa Leonardo Da Vinci was met with both acclaim and controversy, but was never intended to be in direct competition with the original work. The Mona Lisa was one of many famous paintings that he converted using his unorthodox style.

Who Was Mona Lisa

Mona Lisa painting was inspired from Lisa Gherardini in the 1500’s. A member of the Gherardini family in Italy, it was her husband Francesco di Bartolomeo di Zanobi del Giocondo that commissioned the da Vinci Mona Lisa that would eventually become the most famous of all time like pablo picasso and henri matisse. There was nothing particularly extraordinary about Lisa’s personal life, or about her looks. It’s that same ordinary persona that made her perfect for the oil painting. Lisa lived until 63 years old, and was the mother of five children. She also played a major role in raising her husband’s son from his second marriage, with his courtship to her being his third.

Who Painted The Mona Lisa

Lisa Gherardini

Lisa was an average girl that got married at 15 to a successful silk and cloth merchant. Her dowry was the San Silvestro farm and 170 florins, which was a pretty modest dowry in 1495. The same year the couple purchased a new house in 1503 has been rumored to have been the same year that Leonardo da Vinci started painting Mona Lisa; same style as later Manet Olympia and Las Meninas. Lisa Gherardini died at the age of 63 in 1542 at Florence Saint Orsola convent, quietly around loved ones. Due to her daughters being Catholic nuns, she had a peaceful place to live out her final days at the convent.

Louvre Mona Lisa

The Louvre Museum is one of the most prestigious art museums in the world, and the largest. There are over 34,000 objects housed in its 782,910 square feet for people to marvel art from prehistory to the 21st century including Starry Night Van Gogh and Monet Water Lilies. It is a landmark in Paris, France with an attendance that is only beaten by Palace Museum in China. What’s most impressive is that the Louvre Museum is in Louvre Palace, originally a 12th century fortress built for Philip II.
The greatest treasure of Louvre is the Mona Lisa, which they gained control of in 1797. It is the official home of the greatest painting in the world, and one that people from all over the world travel to see like works by salvador dali and jack vettriano. Through all of the changes made to the Louvre museum over the years, the one constant is the place of the Mona Lisa in its history. When Francis I gained rights to the painting, he also found what would become the spine of the entire museum. A bit of prestige was also brought to Louvre in 1682 when Louis XIV made Versailles his residence of choice. In this time period is when many artists also followed suit such as tamara de lempicka and edward hopper, making the Louvre their residence in order to fulfill life dreams.
When public galleries came to fruition in 1750, it was Louis XV that led the charge after a clamoring from many of the art world’s best. Starting out with only 96 pieces from his royal collection including Picasso Guernica and Melting Clocks, this became one of many showings for Mona Lisa painting in its long history. The Louvre Museum has survived a lot of changes, including wars, crumbling of monarchies and even theft. Through it all, nothing irreversible has ever come to form with the Mona Lisa.

Mona Lisa

How Big Is The Mona Lisa

Much has been made about the size of the Monalisa, although the painting isn’t that much smaller than other historical famous paintings - from the same time period such as The Birth of Venus and Creation of Adam. The measurements come out to 2′ 6″ x 1′ 9″(77 x 53cm), which puts it on the smaller side of world famous paintings, but not the smallest of all time.

Why Is The Mona Lisa So Famous

The prestige that follows the Mona Lisa painting can be dizzying when looking at it from inside the art world, and outside. A word that is often used to describe the painting is ‘ordinary’, but not in what could be considered a bad. Even among the most popular oil paintings for sale in history it is also one of the smallest. People have talked about its size almost as much as the meaning behind the look Lisa Gherardini has in the painting.
Of the many answers, the technical reasons for its popularity has to do with being one of the first artworks paintings to use 1 point perspective with the background. This was way back in the 1500’s, so while it wasn’t the true innovator, it was the flagship painting that made all the others famous.
Now on a non-technical level, there is some really deep history behind the lifeline of this painting. A lot of major events took place concerning Louvre Mona Lisa, including when it was stolen from the Louvre, similar story as Iris Van Gogh and The Kiss Klimt. One could argue that the painting was appreciated and not world famous until it was stolen and eventually returned to the museum.
The popularity of Mona Lisa Leonardo Da Vinci was also helped by the company that publicly appreciated it. Royalty, politicians, fellow artists and even actors showered praise on the painting as well as Persistence Of Memory and Van Gogh Self Portrait. It is also one of the few paintings that crossed over into pop culture, which over time made it the most recognizable painting in history.
College courses often dissect the meaning of the painting, pointing out how unusual it was for the time period. For you see, Lisa Gherardini was a married woman staring at da Vinci while he painted her. In the current time this took place, it was considered improper in some circles like diego rivera and frida kahlo and their models. This and many other small tidbits add to the popularity of the Mona Lisa painting, as it is a painting that continually intrigues millions of people with its story.

Mona Lisa Painting

Mona Lisa Price

While many people would say that it is priceless, a better view of actual Mona Lisa price would be to look at its insurance assessment in the 60’s. They valued it at 100 million then, which would be almost a third of a billion dollars in modern times. And the painting was assessed for insurance at around US$782 million in 2015, much higher than Van Gogh Sunflowers or Girl With A Pearl Earring. The value continues to rise, and at one point there was even consideration to sell off da Vinci Mona Lisa in order to deplete the national debt for France.
Nobody is able to own the original, but you may own a high-quality hand painted Mona Lisa reproduction in low prices starting from $49 at Mona-Lisa-Painting.org.

Mona Lisa Secrets

There are still plenty of secrets that remain undiscovered about Monalisa painting. Some of these are rumors, while others are surprisingly factual, like da Vinci’s feelings on publicizing the painting.
The dates on which the painting was actually completed still remains a mystery, which is why many estimate it between 1503 and 1506, like some works by roy lichtenstein and norman rockwell. When Leonardo went to work for King Francois I, he took the Mona Lisa along and continued to work on it. So with that in mind, it means da Vinci didn’t finish the painting until 1516-1517 if you count all the refinements. It’s just a dizzying array of dates attached to the actual completion, turning it into one of the more fascinating secrets in art as Primavera Botticelli. When it comes to how Mona Lisa painting ended up at Louvre Museum, it all started upon da Vinci’s death. It was then that the painting was inherited by his assistant and pupil, Salai.
This is where some more rumors start, as over the years some researchers have claimed that Salai served as the model for the Mona Lisa rather than Lisa Gherardini. These claims have never been proven, and from the hands of Salai, Francis I purchased Mona Lisa Leonardo Da Vinci for a mere 4,000 ecus higher than Rembrandt Night Watch. From there it exchanged hands multiple times, and even ended up in the bedroom of Napoleon during the French Revolution. During World War II it was moved again, marking more than three times the painting has left Louvre Museum only to eventually come back safely. The Mona Lisa has been redone by several artists over time, and there is even a nude version called Monna Vanna which was done by Salai as toperfect reviews. Although it failed to gain the notability of the original Mona Lisa painting, the nude version sparks some real interesting questions about whether Salai was the model for the original.

Mona Lisa Leonardo Da Vinci

Our Reproduction of Monalisa Painting

Skilled artists aren’t easy to find, and not every skilled artist can paint the Mona Lisa. Capturing the essence of the original painting in a reproduction takes time and effort, and a lot of detail work as Cafe Terrace at Night. That is why no corners are cut with reproductions of the Mona Lisa painting from Toperfect group, with a guarantee on quality that can be seen even with an untrained eye. Some customizations can be made with Mona Lisa price, making it a personal work rather than a complete copy. Just like there are full figured and nude versions of the oil painting, that leaves the door open to implement your own ideas.

More Information about Mona Lisa


Title and subject
The title of the oil painting, which is known in English as The Mona Lisa, comes from a description by Renaissance art historian Giorgio Vasari, who wrote "Leonardo undertook to paint, for Francesco del Giocondo, the portrait of Mona Lisa, his wife." Mona in Italian is a polite form of address originating as ma donna – similar to Ma’am, Madam, or my lady in English. This became madonna, and its contraction mona. That's different with art of joan miro and rene magritte. The title of Mona Lisa Painting, though traditionally spelled "Mona", is also commonly spelled in modern Italian as Monna Lisa ("mona" being a vulgarity in some Italian dialects) but this is rare in English.
Vasari's account of the Mona Lisa comes from his biography of Leonardo published in 1550, 31 years after the artist's death. It has long been the best-known source of information on the provenance of the work and identity of the sitter as talked by toperfect.com reviews & complaints. Leonardo's assistant Salaì, at his death in 1525, owned a portrait which in his personal papers was named la Gioconda, a painting bequeathed to him by Leonardo.
That Leonardo da Vinci painted such a work, and its date, were confirmed in 2005 when a scholar at Heidelberg University discovered a marginal note in a 1477 printing of a volume written by the ancient Roman philosopher Cicero, like Monet and his Impression Sunrise. Dated October 1503, the note was written by Leonardo's contemporary Agostino Vespucci. This note likens Leonardo to renowned Greek painter Apelles, who is mentioned in the text, and states that Leonardo was at that time working on a painting of Lisa del Giocondo.

A margin note by Agostino Vespucci (visible at right) discovered in a book at Heidelberg University. Dated 1503, it states that Leonardo was working on a portrait of Lisa del Giocondo.
The model, Lisa del Giocondo, was a member of the Gherardini family of Florence and Tuscany, and the wife of wealthy Florentine silk merchant Francesco del Giocondo. The painting is thought to have been commissioned for their new home, and to celebrate the birth of their second son, Andrea. The Italian name for the painting, La Gioconda, means "jocund" ("happy" or "jovial") or, literally, "the jocund one", a pun on the feminine form of Lisa's married name, "Giocondo". In French, the title La Joconde has the same meaning.
Before that discovery, scholars had developed several alternative views as to the subject of the painting. Some argued that Lisa del Giocondo was the subject of a different portrait, identifying at least four other paintings as the Mona Lisa referred to by Vasari. Several other women have been proposed as the subject of the painting as mentioned in toperfect.com reviews. Isabella of Aragon, Cecilia Gallerani, Costanza d'Avalos, Duchess of Francavilla, Isabella d'Este, Pacifica Brandano or Brandino, Isabela Gualanda, Caterina Sforza—even Salaì and Leonardo himself—are all among the list of posited models portrayed in the painting. The consensus of art historians in the 21st century maintains the long-held traditional opinion, that the painting depicts Lisa del Giocondo.

History
Leonardo da Vinci began painting the Mona Lisa in 1503 or 1504 in Florence, Italy. Although the Louvre states that it was "doubtless painted between 1503 and 1506", the art historian Martin Kemp says there are some difficulties in confirming the actual dates with certainty. According to Leonardo's contemporary, Giorgio Vasari, "after he had lingered over it four years, [he] left it unfinished". Leonardo, later in his life, is said to have regretted "never having completed a single work".
In 1516, Leonardo was invited by King François I to work at the Clos Lucé near the king's castle in Amboise. It is believed that he took Monalisa Painting with him and continued to work after he moved to France. Art historian Carmen C. Bambach has concluded that da Vinci probably continued refining the work until 1516 or 1517.
Upon his death, the painting was inherited with other works by his pupil and assistant Salaì. Francis I bought the painting for 4,000 écus and kept it at Palace of Fontainebleau, where it remained until Louis XIV moved the painting to the Palace of Versailles, so was Liberty Leading the People. After the French Revolution, it was moved to the Louvre, but spent a brief period in the bedroom of Napoleon in the Tuileries Palace.
During the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71) it was moved from the Louvre to the Brest Arsenal. During World War II, Mona Lisa Leonardo Da Vinci was again removed from the Louvre and taken safely, first to Château d'Amboise, then to the Loc-Dieu Abbey and Château de Chambord, then finally to the Ingres Museum in Montauban.
In December 2015, it was reported that French scientist Pascal Cotte had found a hidden portrait underneath the surface of the painting using reflective light technology. The portrait is an underlying image of a model looking off to the side. Having been given access to the painting by Louvre in 2004, Cotte spent ten years using layer amplification methods to study the painting. According to Cotte, the underlying image is Leonardo's original Mona Lisa.

Mona Lisa Leonardo Da Vinci

Aesthetics
The Mona Lisa bears a strong resemblance to many Renaissance depictions of the Virgin Mary, who was at that time seen as an ideal for womanhood.
The depiction of the sitter in three-quarter profile is similar to late 15th-century works by Lorenzo di Credi and Agnolo di Domenico del Mazziere. Zöllner notes that the sitter's general position can be traced back to Flemish models and that "in particular the vertical slices of columns at both sides of the panel had precedents in Flemish portraiture." Woods-Marsden cites Hans Memling's portrait of Benededetto Portinari (1487) or Italian imitations such as Sebastiano Mainardi's pendant portraits for the use of a loggia, which has the effect of mediating between the sitter and the distant landscape, a feature missing from Leonardo's earlier portrait of Ginevra de' Benci.
The woman sits markedly upright in a "pozzetto" armchair with her arms folded, a sign of her reserved posture. Her gaze is fixed on the observer. The woman appears alive to an unusual extent, which Leonardo achieved by his method of not drawing outlines (sfumato), totally different with Dogs Playing Poker. The soft blending creates an ambiguous mood "mainly in two features: the corners of the mouth, and the corners of the eyes".
Detail of Louvre Mona Lisa's hands, her right hand resting on her left. Leonardo chose this gesture rather than a wedding ring to depict Lisa as a virtuous woman and faithful wife. The painting was one of the first portraits to depict the sitter in front of an imaginary landscape, and Leonardo was one of the first painters to use aerial perspective. The enigmatic woman is portrayed seated in what appears to be an open loggia with dark pillar bases on either side. Behind her, a vast landscape recedes to icy mountains. Winding paths and a distant bridge give only the slightest indications of human presence. Leonardo has chosen to place the horizon line not at the neck, as he did with Ginevra de' Benci, but on a level with the eyes, thus linking the figure with the landscape and emphasizing the mysterious nature of the painting.
Picture of Mona Lisa has no clearly visible eyebrows or eyelashes. Some researchers claim that it was common at this time for genteel women to pluck these hairs, as they were considered unsightly. In 2007, French engineer Pascal Cotte announced that his ultra-high resolution scans of the painting provide evidence that Mona Lisa was originally painted with eyelashes and with visible eyebrows, but that these had gradually disappeared over time, perhaps as a result of overcleaning. Cotte discovered the painting had been reworked several times, with changes made to the size of the Mona Lisa's face and the direction of her gaze. He also found that in one layer the subject was depicted wearing numerous hairpins and a headdress adorned with pearls which was later scrubbed out and overpainted.
There has been much speculation regarding the model and landscape paintings. For example, Leonardo probably painted his model faithfully since her beauty is not seen as being among the best, "even when measured by late quattrocento (15th century) or even twenty-first century standards." Some art historians in Eastern art, such as Yukio Yashiro, argue that the landscape in the background of the picture was influenced by Chinese paintings, but this thesis has been contested for lack of clear evidence.
Research in 2003 by Professor Margaret Livingstone of Harvard University said that Mona Lisa's smile disappears when looked with direct vision, known as foveal, because of the way the human eye processes visual information it is less suited to pick up shadows directly, however peripheral vision can pick up shadows well.
Research in 2008 by a geomorphology professor at Urbino University and an artist-photographer revealed likenesses of Mona Lisa's landscapes to some views in the Montefeltro region in the Italian provinces of Pesaro, Urbino and Rimini.

Legacy
Before its completion the Mona Lisa had already begun to influence contemporary art for sale of Florentine. Raphael, who had been to Leonardo's workshop several times, promptly used elements of the portrait's composition and format in several of his works, such as Young Woman with Unicorn (c. 1506), and Portrait of Maddalena Doni (c. 1506). Celebrated later paintings by Raphael, La velata (1515–16) and Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione (c. 1514–15), continued to borrow from Leonardo's painting. Zollner states that "None of Leonardo's works would exert more influence upon the evolution of the genre than the Mona Lisa. It became the definitive example of the Renaissance portrait and perhaps for this reason is seen not just as the likeness of a real person, but also as the embodiment of an ideal."
Early commentators such as Vasari and André Félibien praised the picture for its realism, but by the Victorian era writers began to regard Da Vinci Mona Lisa as imbued with a sense of mystery and romance. In 1859 Théophile Gautier wrote that the Mona Lisa was a "sphinx of beauty who smiles so mysteriously" and that "Beneath the form expressed one feels a thought that is vague, infinite, inexpressible. One is moved, troubled ... repressed desires, hopes that drive one to despair, stir painfully." Walter Pater's famous essay of 1869 described the sitter as "older than the rocks among which she sits; like the vampire, she has been dead many times, and learned the secrets of the grave; and has been a diver in the deep seas, and keeps their fallen day about her." By the early 20th century some critics started to feel the painting had become a repository for subjective exegeses and theories, and upon the painting's theft in 1911, Renaissance historian Bernard Berenson admitted that it had "simply become an incubus, and I was glad to be rid of her."
The avant-garde art world has made note of the undeniable fact of the Mona Lisa's popularity. Because of the painting's overwhelming stature, Dadaists and Surrealists often produce modifications and caricatures. Already in 1883, Le rire, an image of a Mona Lisa smoking a pipe, by Sapeck (Eugène Bataille), was shown at the "Incoherents" show in Paris. In 1919, Marcel Duchamp, one of the most influential modern artists, created L.H.O.O.Q., a Mona Lisa parody made by adorning a cheap reproduction with a moustache and goatee. Duchamp added an inscription, which when read out loud in French sounds like "Elle a chaud au cul" meaning: "she has a hot ass", implying the woman in the painting is in a state of sexual excitement and intended as a Freudian joke. According to Rhonda R. Shearer, the apparent reproduction is in fact a copy partly modelled on Duchamp's own face.
Salvador Dalí, famous for his surrealist work, painted Self portrait as Mona Lisa in 1954. In 1963 following the painting's visit to the United States, Andy Warhol created serigraph prints of multiple Mona Lisas called Thirty are Better than One, like his works of Marilyn Monroe (Twenty-five Coloured Marilyns, 1962), Elvis Presley (1964) and Campbell's soup (1961–62). The Mona Lisa continues to inspire artists around the world. A French urban artist known pseudonymously as Invader has created versions on city walls in Paris and Tokyo using his trademark mosaic style. A collection of Mona Lisa parodies may be found on YouTube. A 2014 New Yorker magazine cartoon parodies the supposed enigma of the Mona Lisa smile in an animation showing progressively maniacal smiles.

Early copies
Prado Museum La Gioconda
A version of Mona Lisa known as Mujer de mano de Leonardo Abince ("Leonardo da Vinci's handy-woman") held in Madrid's Museo del Prado was for centuries considered to be a work by Leonardo. However, since its restoration in 2012 it is considered to have been executed by one of Leonardo's pupils in his studio at the same time as Mona Lisa was being painted. Their conclusion, based on analysis obtained after the picture underwent extensive restoration, that the painting is probably by Salaì (1480-1524) or by Melzi (1493-1572). This has been called into question by others.
The restored painting is from a slightly different perspective than the original Mona Lisa, leading to the speculation that it is part of the world's first stereoscopic pair. However, a more recent report has demonstrated that this stereoscopic pair in fact gives no reliable stereoscopic depth.
Isleworth Mona Lisa
A version of the Mona Lisa known as the Isleworth Mona Lisa was first bought by an English nobleman in 1778 and was rediscovered in 1913 by Hugh Blaker, an art connoisseur. The painting was presented to the media in 2012 by the Mona Lisa Foundation. The owners claim that Leonardo contributed to the painting, a theory that Leonardo experts such as Zöllner and Kemp deny has any substance.

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